Wellness is person-driven
Self-determination and self-direction are the foundations for increased wellness as individuals define their own life goals and design their unique path(s) towards those goals. Individuals optimize their autonomy and independence to the greatest extent possible by leading, controlling, and exercising choice over the services and supports that assist their wellness and resilience. In so doing, they are empowered and provided with the resources to make informed decisions, initiate wellness, build on their strengths, and gain or regain control over their lives.
Wellness occurs via many pathways
Individuals are unique with distinct needs, strengths, preferences, goals, culture, and backgrounds— including trauma experience — that affect and determine their pathway(s) to increased wellness. Wellness is built on the multiple capacities, strengths, talents, coping abilities, resources, and inherent value of each individual. Wellness pathways are highly personalized. Wellness is non-linear, characterized by continual growth and improved functioning that may involve reoccurrences. Because reoccurrences are a natural, though not inevitable, part of the process, it is essential to foster resilience for all individuals and families. In some cases, pathways to increased wellness can be enabled by creating a supportive environment.
Wellness encompasses the whole person
Wellness encompasses an individual’s whole life. This includes addressing: self-care practices, family, housing, employment, transportation, education, clinical treatment for mental health and substance use disorders, services and supports, primary healthcare, dental care, complementary and alternative services, faith, spirituality, creativity, social networks, and community participation.
Wellness is supported by community
Engagement in the broad community and feeling a part of it is an important component of substance use wellness for the entire community.
Wellness is culturally-based
Community should be culturally grounded, attuned, sensitive, congruent, and competent, as well as personalized to meet each individual’s needs to be a member.